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Journal of the Korean Neurological Association 2007;25(2): 194-198.
나병성 말초신경병증의 임상적 및 전기생리학적 특성
강사윤, 김승민a 선우일남a
제주대학교 의과대학 신경과, 연세대학교 의과대학 신경과a
Clinical and Electrophysiological Characteristics of Leprous Neuropathy
Sa-Yoon Kang
Department of Neurology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Departments of Neurologya and Physiologyb, Chonnam National University Medical School
Background: The medial vestibular nucleus is the largest one among the vestibular nuclei and known to play important roles not only in normal vestibular information processing but also in vestibular compensation. Glutamate is known to have a key role in vestibular compensation via long term potentiation and depression. But the action of nitric oxide related with glutamate is poorly studied. This experiment was designed to explore the effects of nitric oxide on the neuronal activity of a rat medial vestibular nuclear neuron using a nitric oxide enhancing drug, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP).
Methods: Experiments were carried out on Sprague-Dawley rats aged 14 to 17 days. Neurons of MVN were obtained via enzymatic dissociation of a microtomized rat brainstem. Whole-cell membrane potentials were recorded at room temperature by using standard patch-clamp techniques. Action potentials were obtained after administration of SNAP. Changes of potassium currents were recorded using SNAP and ODQ (1H-[1, 2, 4] oxadiazolo [4, 3-a] quinozalin-1-one), an inhibitor of guanylyl cyclase.
Results: The mean spike frequency of action potentials was increased by adding SNAP. The mean amplitude of afterhyperpolarization was decreased by adding SNAP. The mean potassium current of medial vestibular nuclear neurons was decreased by SNAP. ODQ inhibited the SNAP-induced potassium currents.
Conclusions: These results suggest that nitric oxide increases the neuronal activity of rat medial vestibular nuclear neurons by inhibiting potassium currents via a cGMP dependent mechanism. KeyWords:S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, Nitric oxide, Medial vestibular nucleus, Action potential