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Journal of the Korean Neurological Association 1999;17(2): 235-242.
뇌졸중과 연관된 불수의 운동
송영목, 노재규
서울대학교 의과대학 신경과
Involuntary Movement associated with Stroke
Young-Mok Song, M.D., Jae-Kyu Roh, M.D.,
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul, Korea Tel : +82-2-760-2278 Fax : +82-2-744-1785
Background : Involuntary movement is a rare symptom of stroke. The pathophysiologic mechanism is poorly understood. Methods : We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 1547 stroke patients who have been admitted to the Seoul National University Hospital from March, 1988 to March, 1997. Results : We found 18 patients with involuntary movements. Dystonia was observed in 10 patients, ballism or chorea in 8 patients and tremor in 5 patients. Anatomical structures responsible for dystonia were thalamus, lenticular nucleus, caudate nucleus and midbrain. Ballism-chorea was associated with lesions of subthalamic nucleus, thalamus, and lenticular nucleus. Tremor was associtated with lesions of thalamus, lenticular nucleus and midbrain. Ballism-chorea was present in the onset of stroke in 6 cases, 2 months after stroke in 1 case, and 21 months after in 1 case. But only 1 case of dystonia was present in the onset of stroke, 2 cases within 7 days, 5 cases in one week to one month, and 2 cases after one month. The involuntary movements subsided in 5 cases of hemiballism-chorea and in 3 cases of dystonia In most of the improved cases, the symptoms subsided in a month.
Conclusions: Basal ganglia and thalamus were the main areas involved where lesions associated with involuntary movements were reported. The nature of involuntary movements was variable. However, lesions in subthalamic nucleus resulted only in ballism-chorea. The presence of only ballism chorea, but not any other involuntary movements, due to subthalamic nucleus lesions indicates that an indirect pathway may play a role in the pathogenesis of ballism-chorea. The latency between the onset of stroke and involuntary movements was longer in dystonia than ballism-chorea. The course of ballism-chorea was generally better than dystona. Key Words : Involuntary movement, Ballism, chorea, Dystonia, Tremor, Stroke